History of Goju Ryu Karate
The origins of karate-do go back to the ancient travels of buddhist monks throughout the Asian frontier. Unamed and oppressed, it became necessary for them to develop a weaponless form of self defence for their survival. Merchants travelling south from China to the Ryukyu islands, or Okinawa, brought with them this art of Chinese hand or 'To-De' (later to be called Karate - empty hand). During this time Japan invaded these islands and its warriors found themselves confronted by the fierce retaliation of skilled practitioners of this secret art.
Chojun Miyagi and the Goju Style
In the late 1800's an enthusiastic youngster named Chojun Miyagi became well skilled in the art and determined to know more, was advised to travel to China to study the many different methods of martial arts. His search led him to the hard school of Shaolin Chuan, the soft school of Pakua Chuan, and from these two he developed his own style of Goju meaning 'The Hard' and 'The Soft'. He advocated that both the hard and the soft complimented each other so he created Sanchin kata designating the hard and Tensho kata the soft side of the GoJu style.
Also featured in the style is the breathing style known as Ibuki which incorporated external breathing, Yo ibuki, a strong vocal hiss which emphasises dynamic tension, and internal breathing, In ibuki, which is nasal and is performed with techniques. The whole body is exercised internally and externally.